Black classes#

Contents are subject to change.


class black.brackets.BracketTracker(depth: int = 0, bracket_match: ~typing.Dict[~typing.Tuple[int, int], ~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf] = <factory>, delimiters: ~typing.Dict[int, int] = <factory>, previous: ~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf | None = None, _for_loop_depths: ~typing.List[int] = <factory>, _lambda_argument_depths: ~typing.List[int] = <factory>, invisible: ~typing.List[~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf] = <factory>)#

Keeps track of brackets on a line.

mark(leaf: Leaf) None#

Mark leaf with bracket-related metadata. Keep track of delimiters.

All leaves receive an int bracket_depth field that stores how deep within brackets a given leaf is. 0 means there are no enclosing brackets that started on this line.

If a leaf is itself a closing bracket and there is a matching opening bracket earlier, it receives an opening_bracket field with which it forms a pair. This is a one-directional link to avoid reference cycles. Closing bracket without opening happens on lines continued from previous breaks, e.g. ) -> “ReturnType”: as part of a funcdef where we place the return type annotation on its own line of the previous closing RPAR.

If a leaf is a delimiter (a token on which Black can split the line if needed) and it’s on depth 0, its id() is stored in the tracker’s delimiters field.

any_open_brackets() bool#

Return True if there is an yet unmatched open bracket on the line.

max_delimiter_priority(exclude: Iterable[int] = ()) int#

Return the highest priority of a delimiter found on the line.

Values are consistent with what is_split_*_delimiter() return. Raises ValueError on no delimiters.

delimiter_count_with_priority(priority: int = 0) int#

Return the number of delimiters with the given priority.

If no priority is passed, defaults to max priority on the line.

maybe_increment_for_loop_variable(leaf: Leaf) bool#

In a for loop, or comprehension, the variables are often unpacks.

To avoid splitting on the comma in this situation, increase the depth of tokens between for and in.

maybe_decrement_after_for_loop_variable(leaf: Leaf) bool#

See maybe_increment_for_loop_variable above for explanation.

maybe_increment_lambda_arguments(leaf: Leaf) bool#

In a lambda expression, there might be more than one argument.

To avoid splitting on the comma in this situation, increase the depth of tokens between lambda and :.

maybe_decrement_after_lambda_arguments(leaf: Leaf) bool#

See maybe_increment_lambda_arguments above for explanation.

get_open_lsqb() Leaf | None#

Return the most recent opening square bracket (if any).


class black.lines.Line(mode: ~black.mode.Mode, depth: int = 0, leaves: ~typing.List[~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf] = <factory>, comments: ~typing.Dict[int, ~typing.List[~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf]] = <factory>, bracket_tracker: ~black.brackets.BracketTracker = <factory>, inside_brackets: bool = False, should_split_rhs: bool = False, magic_trailing_comma: ~blib2to3.pytree.Leaf | None = None)#

Holds leaves and comments. Can be printed with str(line).

append(leaf: Leaf, preformatted: bool = False, track_bracket: bool = False) None#

Add a new leaf to the end of the line.

Unless preformatted is True, the leaf will receive a new consistent whitespace prefix and metadata applied by BracketTracker. Trailing commas are maybe removed, unpacked for loop variables are demoted from being delimiters.

Inline comments are put aside.

append_safe(leaf: Leaf, preformatted: bool = False) None#

Like append() but disallow invalid standalone comment structure.

Raises ValueError when any leaf is appended after a standalone comment or when a standalone comment is not the first leaf on the line.

property is_comment: bool#

Is this line a standalone comment?

property is_decorator: bool#

Is this line a decorator?

property is_import: bool#

Is this an import line?

property is_with_or_async_with_stmt: bool#

Is this a with_stmt line?

property is_class: bool#

Is this line a class definition?

property is_stub_class: bool#

Is this line a class definition with a body consisting only of “…”?

property is_def: bool#

Is this a function definition? (Also returns True for async defs.)

property is_class_paren_empty: bool#

Is this a class with no base classes but using parentheses?

Those are unnecessary and should be removed.

property is_triple_quoted_string: bool#

Is the line a triple quoted string?

property opens_block: bool#

Does this line open a new level of indentation.

is_fmt_pass_converted(*, first_leaf_matches: Callable[[Leaf], bool] | None = None) bool#

Is this line converted from fmt off/skip code?

If first_leaf_matches is not None, it only returns True if the first leaf of converted code matches.

contains_standalone_comments(depth_limit: int = 9223372036854775807) bool#

If so, needs to be split before emitting.

has_magic_trailing_comma(closing: Leaf, ensure_removable: bool = False) bool#

Return True if we have a magic trailing comma, that is when: - there’s a trailing comma here - it’s not a one-tuple - it’s not a single-element subscript Additionally, if ensure_removable: - it’s not from square bracket indexing (specifically, single-element square bracket indexing)

append_comment(comment: Leaf) bool#

Add an inline or standalone comment to the line.

comments_after(leaf: Leaf) List[Leaf]#

Generate comments that should appear directly after leaf.

remove_trailing_comma() None#

Remove the trailing comma and moves the comments attached to it.

is_complex_subscript(leaf: Leaf) bool#

Return True iff leaf is part of a slice with non-trivial exprs.

enumerate_with_length(reversed: bool = False) Iterator[Tuple[int, Leaf, int]]#

Return an enumeration of leaves with their length.

Stops prematurely on multiline strings and standalone comments.

__str__() str#

Render the line.

__bool__() bool#

Return True if the line has leaves or comments.


class black.lines.LinesBlock(mode: ~black.mode.Mode, previous_block: ~black.lines.LinesBlock | None, original_line: ~black.lines.Line, before: int = 0, content_lines: ~typing.List[str] = <factory>, after: int = 0)#

Class that holds information about a block of formatted lines.

This is introduced so that the EmptyLineTracker can look behind the standalone comments and adjust their empty lines for class or def lines.


class black.lines.EmptyLineTracker(mode: ~black.mode.Mode, previous_line: ~black.lines.Line | None = None, previous_block: ~black.lines.LinesBlock | None = None, previous_defs: ~typing.List[~black.lines.Line] = <factory>, semantic_leading_comment: ~black.lines.LinesBlock | None = None)#

Provides a stateful method that returns the number of potential extra empty lines needed before and after the currently processed line.

Note: this tracker works on lines that haven’t been split yet. It assumes the prefix of the first leaf consists of optional newlines. Those newlines are consumed by maybe_empty_lines() and included in the computation.

maybe_empty_lines(current_line: Line) LinesBlock#

Return the number of extra empty lines before and after the current_line.

This is for separating def, async def and class with extra empty lines (two on module-level).


class black.linegen.LineGenerator(mode: Mode, features: Collection[Feature])#

Bases: Visitor[Line]

Generates reformatted Line objects. Empty lines are not emitted.

Note: destroys the tree it’s visiting by mutating prefixes of its leaves in ways that will no longer stringify to valid Python code on the tree.

line(indent: int = 0) Iterator[Line]#

Generate a line.

If the line is empty, only emit if it makes sense. If the line is too long, split it first and then generate.

If any lines were generated, set up a new current_line.

visit_default(node: Leaf | Node) Iterator[Line]#

Default visit_*() implementation. Recurses to children of node.

visit_test(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit an x if y else z test

visit_INDENT(node: Leaf) Iterator[Line]#

Increase indentation level, maybe yield a line.

visit_DEDENT(node: Leaf) Iterator[Line]#

Decrease indentation level, maybe yield a line.

visit_stmt(node: Node, keywords: Set[str], parens: Set[str]) Iterator[Line]#

Visit a statement.

This implementation is shared for if, while, for, try, except, def, with, class, assert, and assignments.

The relevant Python language keywords for a given statement will be NAME leaves within it. This methods puts those on a separate line.

parens holds a set of string leaf values immediately after which invisible parens should be put.

visit_funcdef(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit function definition.

visit_match_case(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit either a match or case statement.

visit_suite(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit a suite.

visit_simple_stmt(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit a statement without nested statements.

visit_async_stmt(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit async def, async for, async with.

visit_decorators(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Visit decorators.

visit_SEMI(leaf: Leaf) Iterator[Line]#

Remove a semicolon and put the other statement on a separate line.

visit_ENDMARKER(leaf: Leaf) Iterator[Line]#

End of file. Process outstanding comments and end with a newline.

visit_factor(node: Node) Iterator[Line]#

Force parentheses between a unary op and a binary power:

-2 ** 8 -> -(2 ** 8)


class black.comments.ProtoComment(type: int, value: str, newlines: int, consumed: int)#

Describes a piece of syntax that is a comment.

It’s not a blib2to3.pytree.Leaf so that:

  • it can be cached (Leaf objects should not be reused more than once as they store their lineno, column, prefix, and parent information);

  • newlines and consumed fields are kept separate from the value. This simplifies handling of special marker comments like # fmt: off/on.


class bool = False, diff: bool = False, quiet: bool = False, verbose: bool = False, change_count: int = 0, same_count: int = 0, failure_count: int = 0)#

Provides a reformatting counter. Can be rendered with str(report).

done(src: Path, changed: Changed) None#

Increment the counter for successful reformatting. Write out a message.

failed(src: Path, message: str) None#

Increment the counter for failed reformatting. Write out a message.

property return_code: int#

Return the exit code that the app should use.

This considers the current state of changed files and failures: - if there were any failures, return 123; - if any files were changed and –check is being used, return 1; - otherwise return 0.

__str__() str#

Render a color report of the current state.

Use click.unstyle to remove colors.


class black.nodes.Visitor(*args, **kwds)#

Bases: Generic[T]

Basic lib2to3 visitor that yields things of type T on visit().

visit(node: Leaf | Node) Iterator[T]#

Main method to visit node and its children.

It tries to find a visit_*() method for the given node.type, like visit_simple_stmt for Node objects or visit_INDENT for Leaf objects. If no dedicated visit_*() method is found, chooses visit_default() instead.

Then yields objects of type T from the selected visitor.

visit_default(node: Leaf | Node) Iterator[T]#

Default visit_*() implementation. Recurses to children of node.



class black.Changed(value)#

Bases: Enum

An enumeration.


class black.Mode(target_versions: Set[black.mode.TargetVersion] = <factory>, line_length: int = 88, string_normalization: bool = True, is_pyi: bool = False, is_ipynb: bool = False, skip_source_first_line: bool = False, magic_trailing_comma: bool = True, experimental_string_processing: bool = False, python_cell_magics: Set[str] = <factory>, preview: bool = False)#

Bases: object


class black.WriteBack(value)#

Bases: Enum

An enumeration.